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California State Flag


Population: 33,871,648 (2000)

State Background
Clubs & Organizations
California Department of Fish and Game
1416 Ninth Street, Room 117
Sacramento, California 95814


State Background

California is a state spanning the southern half of the west coast of the contiguous United States. With a population of 37 million and an area of 158,402 square miles (410,000 km˛), California is the largest U.S. state in population and the third largest in area. California borders the Pacific Ocean, Oregon, Nevada, Arizona, and the Mexican state of Baja California. The state has strikingly beautiful natural features, including an expansive central valley, tall mountains, arid deserts, and hundreds of miles of scenic coastline.

California's geography is rich, complex, and varied. In the middle of the state lies the California Central Valley, a huge, fertile valley bounded by the coastal mountain ranges in the west, the granite Sierra Nevada to the east, the volcanic Cascade Range in the north and the Tehachapi Mountains in the south. In the center and east of the state are the Sierra Nevada, which include the highest peak in the contiguous 48 states, Mount Whitney, at 14,505 feet (4421 m). Also located in the Sierra are the world-famous Yosemite National Park and a deep freshwater lake, Lake Tahoe, the largest lake in the state by volume. To the west is Clear Lake, California's largest freshwater lake by area. About 35% of the state's total surface area is covered by forests. This is more forestland than any other state except Alaska. Deserts make up about 25% of this state‘s land area. In the south lay the Transverse Ranges and a large salt lake, the Salton Sea. The south-central desert is called the Mojave. To the northeast of the Mojave lies Death Valley, which contains the lowest, hottest point in North America, Badwater Flat. The lowest point of Death Valley and the peak of Mount Whitney are less than 200 miles apart.

Different regions of California have very different climates, depending on their latitude, elevation, and proximity to the coast. Most of the state has a Mediterranean climate, with rainy winters and dry summers. The influence of the ocean generally moderates temperature extremes, creating warmer winters and substantially cooler summers. Further inland, the climate becomes more continental with colder winters and markedly hotter summers. The high mountains, including the Sierra Nevada, have a mountain climate with snow in winter and mild to moderate heat in summer. The higher elevation deserts of eastern California have hot summers and cold winters.

State Species

Big Game Antelope
Black Bear
Bighorn Sheep
Blacktail Deer
Mule Deer
Whitetail Deer
Wild Pig
Waterfowl American Wigeon
Canada Geese
Green-winged Teal
Northern Pintail
Snow and Ross' Geese
Upland Birds
White-fronted Goose
Small Game Species Chuckar
Predators Varmints Bobcat  
Sport Fish Albacore
Barred Sand Bass
Bat Ray
Bigeye Tuna
Blue Shark
Bluefin Tuna
California Halibut
California Barracuda
California Corbina
California Scorpionfish
California Sheephead
Chinock Salmon
Coho Salmon
Cutthroat Trout
Gray Smoothhound
Golden Trout
Kelp Greenling
Kelo Bass
Kokanee Salmon
Largemouth Bass
Mountain Whitefish
Ocean Whitefish
Pacific Mackerel
Pacific Sanddab
Petrale Sole
Redband Trout
Redtail Surfperch
Rock Greenling
Shovelnose Guitarfish
Smallmouth Bass
Spiny Dogfish
Spotted Bass
Starry Flounder
Striped Marlin
Striped Bass
White Croaker
White Seabass
Yellowfin Tuna

Clubs & Organizations

Archery Only Black Mountain Bowmen
Bow Rac Bowhunters Unlimited
Briones Archers California Deer Association
California Waterfowl Association California Waterfowl Association
CBH / SAA Crosshair Consulting
Diablo Bowman Eastern Sierra Bowmen
El Dorado Hills Bowmen Hot Spot Hunting
Jim Fletcher Archery Kings Mountain Bowhunters
Lodi Bowmen Northern California Field Archers Association
Northwoods Bowmen Pacifica Archery
Salinas Bowmen San Francisco Archers
Santa Cruz Archers Silverado Archers
The Sierra Pacific Fly Fishers Traditional Archers of California
United Anglers of Southern California Verdugo Hills Archers
Wilderness Archery Woodlake Antelope Archers
Yuba Sutter Bowhunters © Copyright
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