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Maryland

Population: 5,600,388 (2000)

State Background
Species
Clubs & Organizations
Maryland Department of Natural Resources
580 Taylor Avenue
Annapolis, MD 21401

1-877-620-8DNR
www.dnr.state.md.us

State Background

Maryland is a Mid-Atlantic state located on the East Coast of the United States. It possesses a great variety of topography, hence its nickname: "America in Miniature." It ranges from sandy dunes dotted with seagrass in the east, to low marshlands teeming with water snakes and large bald cypress near the bay, to gently rolling hills of oak forest in the Piedmont Region, and mountain pine groves in the west.

Maryland is bounded on the north by Pennsylvania; on the west by West Virginia; on the north and east by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean; and on the south, across the Potomac River, by Virginia and West Virginia. The mid-portion of this border is interrupted on the Maryland side by Washington, DC, which sits on land originally part of Maryland. The Chesapeake Bay nearly bisects the state, and the counties east of the bay are known collectively as the Eastern Shore.

The highest point in Maryland is Hoye Crest on Backbone Mountain, which is the southwest corner of Garrett County, near the border with West Virginia and near the headwaters of the North Branch of the Potomac. In western Maryland, about two-thirds of the way across the state, is a point at which the state is only about 1 mile wide.

The climate in Maryland has a remarkably varied. It depends on various factors such as elevation, rainfall, and proximity to a body of water. The Eastern Shore region and part of the Western Shore are part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. This region gets hot, humid summers and cool to chilly but fairly short winters, with a humid subtropical climate

Beyond this region lies the Piedmont which has a warm humid continental climate of hot, humid summers and moderately cold winters where significant snowfall is an annual occurrence. Extreme western Maryland, in the higher elevations of Allegany County and Garrett County has a colder continental climate due to elevation with warm, humid summers and cold, snowy winters.

State Species

Big Game Black Bear
Fallow Deer
White Tailed Deer Sika Deer
Waterfowl Brant
Canada Geese
Coots
Ducks
Mergansers
Rails
Sea Ducks
Snow Geese
Teal
Furbearer Species Beaver
Coyote
Fisher
Gray Fox
Long-tailed Weasel
Mink
Muskrat
Opossum
Raccoons
Red Fox
River Otter
Skunk
Small Game Species Cottontail Rabbit
Crow
Mourning Dove
Pheasant
Quail
Ruffed Grouse
Snowshoe Hare
Squirrel
Wild Turkey
Woodcocks
Sport Fish American Eel
American Shad
Black Drum
Black Sea Bass
Blue Crab
Bluefish
Bluegill
Brook Trout
Brown Trout
Catfish
Chain Pickerel
Croaker
Eastern Oyster
Gizzard Shad
Herring
Hickory Shad
Horseshoe Crab
Largemouth Bass
Menhaden
Monkfish
Northern Pike
Rainbow Trout
Smallmouth Bass
Sping Dogfish Shark
Spot
Spotted Seatrout
Striped Bass
Striped Burrfish
Sturgeon
Summer Flounder
Tiger Muskie
Walleye
Weakfish
White Perch
Yellow Perch

Clubs & Organizations


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