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North Carolina

Population: 8,049,313 (2000)

State Background
Species
Clubs & Organizations
North Carolina Wildlife Resource Commission
1751 Varsity Drive
Raleigh, NC 27606

Phone Number
www.ncwildlife.org

State Background

North Carolina is a state located in the Southeastern United States along its Atlantic Seaboard. It is bordered by South Carolina on the south; Georgia on the southwest; Tennessee on the west; Virginia on the north; and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. North Carolina consists of three main geographic sections: the coastal plain, which occupies the eastern 45% of the state; the Piedmont region, which contains the middle 35%; and the Appalachian Mountains and foothills, which take up the remaining 20% of the state in the west.

The coastal plain begins in the east as a chain of narrow, sandy barrier islands known as the "Outer Banks". The Outer Banks encompass two sounds Albemarle Sound in the north and Pamlico Sound in the south; they are the two largest landlocked sounds in the United States. Inland the coastal plain is relatively flat.

The Piedmont region meets the coastal plain along the "fall line," a line which marks the elevation at which waterfalls first appear on streams and rivers. It consists of gently rolling countryside frequently broken by hills or low isolated mountain ridges. The western section of the state is part of the Appalachian Mountain range. Among the subranges of the Appalachians located in the state are the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, Balsams, Pisgahs, and the Black Mountains.

Due to its wide range of elevation, from sea level on the coast to over 6,000 feet in the mountains, North Carolina has the most variation in climate of all the Southeastern states. As such, the climate of the state ranges from a warm, humid subtropical climate near the coast to one which is humid climate in the mountains. Winters in western North Carolina typically feature significant snowfall and subfreezing temperatures more akin to a northern state than a southern one.

State Species

Big Game Bear Deer  
Waterfowl Brant
Canada Geese
Common Snipe
Coots
Dove
Ducks
Gallinules
Light Geese
Mergansers
Moorhens
Rails
Sea Duck
September Teal
Tundra Swan
White-fronted Geese
Woodcock
Furbearer Bobcat
Fox
Opossum
Raccoon
 
Small Game Crow
Dove
Fox Squirrel
Gray Squirrel
Grouse
Pheasant
Quail
Rabbit
Red Squirrel
Wild Boar
Wild Turkey
Predators Beaver Coyote Groundhog Nutria Striped Skunk
Sport Fish: Freshwater American Shad
Black Crappie
Blue Catfish
Bluegill
Bodie Bass
Bowfin
Brook Trout
Brown Bullhead
Brown Trout
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Common Carp
Flathead Catfish
Green Sunfish
Hickory Shad
Largemouth Bass
Muskellunge
Pumpkinseed
Rainbow Trout
Redbreast
Redear
Roanoke Bass
Rock Bass
Smallmouth Bass
Spotted Bass
Striped Bass
Walleye
Warmouth
White Bass
White Catfish
White Crappie
White Perch
Yellow Perch
Sport Fish: Saltwater Albacore
Amberjack
Atlantic Bonito
Bank Sea Bass
Barracuda
Bigeye Tuna
Black Drum
Black Sea Bass
Blackfin Tuna
Blacktip Shark
Blue Marlin
Bluefin Tuna
Bluefish
Blueline Tilefish
Butterfish
Cobia
Croaker
Dolphin
Flounder
Gag
Gray Triggerfish
Gray Trout
Hammerhead
Hickory Shad
Hogfish
Jumping Mulley
King Mackerel
Knobbed Porgy
Little Tunny
Lizardfish
Mako Shark
Menhaden
Northern Puffer
Pigfish
Pinfish
Pompano
Red Grouper
Red Snapper
Sailfish
Scamp
Sea Mullet
Searobin
Sheepshead
Silver Perch
Silver Snapper
Skate
Skipjack Tuna
Spadefish
Spanish Mackerel
Speckled Hind
Speckled Trout
Spottail Pinfish
Stingray
Swordfish
Tarpon
Tiger Shark
Vermillion Snapper
Wahoo
White Grunt
White Marlin
Yellowedge Grouper
Yellowfin Tuna
Yellowtail Snapper

Clubs & Organizations

North Carolina Sportsman Magazine

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