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Virginia

Population: 7,567,465 (2000)

State Background
Species
Clubs & Organizations
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries
4010 W. Broad St.
Richmond, Virginia 23230

804-367-1000
www.dgif.virginia.gov

State Background

Virginia is a Commonwealth and is bordered by West Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia (across the Potomac River) to the north; by Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean to the east; by North Carolina and Tennessee to the south; and by Kentucky and West Virginia to the west.

Geographically, Virginia is divided into five regions. The Ridge and Valley region lies between the Appalachian Plateau and Allegheny Plateau to the west and the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east. The Shenandoah Valley is located within the Ridge and Valley and is referred to geographically, and culturally, as its own region.

The Blue Ridge Mountains are between the Ridge and Valley Region to the west and the Piedmont region to the east. The Piedmont region is between the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west and the Tidewater region to the east. Tidewater lies between the fall line to the west and the Atlantic coast to the east; it includes the Eastern Shore. Elevations in Virginia vary from sea level to the 1746 m Mount Rogers, with major gradations occurring at the edges of the Atlantic Ocean, the end of the Piedmont, and the Blue Ridge and Allegheny chains of the Appalachian Mountains.

Significant variations occur in climate because of the state's significant relief. The climate is generally considered mild compared to other areas of the United States. Most of the state east of the Blue Ridge has a humid subtropical climate. In the mountainous areas west of the Blue Ridge, the climate becomes humid continental cold air masses arrive over the mountains, especially in winter, leading to significant snowfalls.

State Species

Big Game Bear Deer Elk
Waterfowl Atlantic Brant
Canada Geese
Coot
Ducks
Gallinules
Mergansers
Moorhens
Rails
Sea Duck
Sept Canada Geese
Sept Teal
Snipe
Snow Geese
Tundra Swan
Woodcock
Furbearer Bobcat
Coyote
Fox
Opossum
Raccoon
Skunk
Small Game Crow
Doves
Groundhog
Grouse
Pheasants
Quail
Rabbit
Squirrels
Turkey
Sport Fish: Freshwater Alewife
American Shad
Black Crappie
Blue Catfish
Blueback Herring
Bluegill
Bowfin
Brook Trout
Brown Trout
Carp
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Flathead Catfish
Flier
Green Sunfish
Hickory Shad
Hybrid Striped Bass
Largemouth Bass
Longnose Gar
Muskellunge
Northern Pike
Pumpkinseed
Rainbow Trout
Redbreast Sunfish
Redear Sunfish
Roanoke Bass
Rock Bass
Sauger
Smallmouth Bass
Spotted Bass
Striped Bass
Walleye
Warmouth
White Bass
White Catfish
White Crappie
White Perch
Yellow Perch
Sport Fish: Saltwater Albacore
Amberjack
Atlantic Cod
Barracuda
Bigeye Thresher Shark
Bigeye Tuna
Blackfin Tuna
Blue Marlin
Bluefin Tuna
Bluefish
Bull Shark
Cobia
Crevalle Jack
Croaker
Dolphin
Drum
Flounder
Gray Trout
Hammerhead Shark
King Mackerel
Kingfish
Mako Shark
Pollack
Pompano
Porgy
Sailfish
Sand Tiger Shark
Sea Bass
Sheepshead
Silky Shark
Skipjack Tuna
Spadefish
Spanish Mackerel
Spinner Shark
Spot
Striped Bass
Swordfish
Tarpon
Tiger Shark
Wahoo
White Marlin
White Shark
Yellowfin Tuna

Clubs & Organizations


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