Georgia is a state in the southern United States. It is bordered on the south by Florida; on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina; on the west by Alabama; and on the north by Tennessee and North Carolina. With an area of 59,441 square miles, Georgia is ranked 24th in size among the 50 U.S. states.
The northern part of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, a mountain range in the vast mountain system of the Appalachians. The central piedmont extends from the foothills to the fall line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the continental coastal plain of the southern part of the state. The highest point in Georgia is Brasstown Bald, 4,784 feet; the lowest point is sea level.
The climate of Georgia is primarily a humid subtropical climate tempered somewhat by occasional polar air masses in the winter. The degree to which the weather of a certain area of Georgia is subtropical depends not just on the latitude, but also on how close it is to the Atlantic Ocean or Gulf of Mexico and the altitude. Everywhere but the highest mountains in Georgia experience hot and humid summers. The entire state, including the mountains, can receive heavy precipitation throughout the year.