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New Jersey

Population: 8,414,350 (2000)

State Background
Species
Clubs & Organizations
New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife
501 E State St
Trenton, NJ 08609

888-773-8450
www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw

State Background

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. The state is named after the island of Jersey in the English Channel. It is bordered on the north by New York, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the southwest by Delaware, and on the west by Pennsylvania. The western border of New Jersey is largely defined by the Delaware River.

High Point, in Montague Township, Sussex County, is the highest elevation, at 1,803 feet. Major rivers include the Manasquan, Maurice, Mullica, Passaic, Hackensack, Rahway, Rancocas, Raritan, Musconetcong, Toms, and Delaware rivers. The Palisades are a line of steep cliffs on the lower west side of the Hudson River.

Because of its dense population and because most communities of northern New Jersey do not have the widespread reservoir system of neighboring Greater New York City, the slightest dry season leads to drought warnings; but because there are many streams and rivers close to these communities, the slightest above average rainfall causes frequent flooding as many parts of Northern New Jersey are part of a flood plain.

New Jersey has a temperate climate, with warm/hot humid summers and cool/cold winters. During the hurricane season, tropical cyclones can hit New Jersey, though it is uncommon for it to remain at hurricane strength this far to the north. During the winter months, Nor'easters can dump up to two feet of snow at once. The temperatures vary greatly from the northernmost part of New Jersey to the southernmost part of New Jersey.

State Species

Big Game Black Bear Deer  
Waterfowl Brant
Canada Geese
Coots
Ducks
Gallinule
Geese
Moorhen
Rail
Snipe
Woodcock
Furbearer Species Beaver
Coyote
Gray Fox
Mink
Muskrat
Nutria
Opossum
Raccoon
River Otter
Skunk
Weasel
Small Game Species Bob-white Quail
Chukar
Coyote
Crow
Fox
Hare
Jackrabbit
Pheasants
Rabbit
Ruffed Grouse
Squirrel
Turkey
Woodchuck
Sport Fish: Freshwater American Eel
Atlantic Sturgeon
Black Crappie
Blueback Herring
Bluegill
Bowfin
Brook Trout
Brown Trout
Bullhead
Chain Pickerel
Channel Catfish
Chub
Common Carp
Dace
Darter
Eastern Mudminnow
Grass Carp
Lake Trout
Lamprey
Largemouth Bass
Longnose Gar
Minnow
Mosquitofish
Mud Sunfish
Muskellunge
Northern Pike
Perch
Pumpkinseed
Rainbow Smelt
Rainbow Trout
Redfin Pickerel
Rock Bass
Shad
Shiner
Shortnose Sturgeon
Smallmouth Bass
Stickleback
Striped Bass
Sucker
Sunfish
Walleye
Warmouth
White Catfish
White Crappie
White Perch
Sport Fish: Saltwater Acadian Redfish
Albacore
Alewife
Altantic Needlefish
Anchovy
Atlantic Angel Shark
Atlantic Cod
Atlantic Menhaden
Bigeye Thresher Shark
Black Sea Bass
Blackbelly Rosefish
Blue Shark
Bluefish
Buckler Dory
Chain Dogfish
Cusk-eel
Drum
Dusky Shark
Eel
Flounder
Goosefish
Grubby
Haddock
Hake
Herring
Inshore Lizardfish
Jack
Kingfish
Lanternfish
Lined Seahorse
Mackerel
Mullet
Northern Pipefish
Ocean Sunfish
Puffer
Ray
Sand Lance
Sand Tiger
Sandbar Shark
Sculpin
Scup
Sea Lamprey
Sea Raven
Searobin
Shad
Shortnose Sturgeon
Silver Perch
Silverside
Skate
Smooth Dogfish
Spiny Dogfish
Spot
Stickleback
Stingray
Striped Bass
Swordfish
Tilefish
Triggerfish
Weakfish
White Marlin
White Perch
Yellowfin Tuna

Clubs & Organizations


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