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Texas

Population: 20,851,820 (2000)

State Background
Species
Clubs & Organizations
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
4200 Smith School Road
Austin, TX 78744

800-792-1112
www.tpwd.state.tx.us

State Background

Texas is a state in both the Southern and Western region of the United States of America. With an area of 268,581 square miles and a population of 22.8 million, it is second to Alaska in area, and second to California in population. The geography of Texas spans a wide range of features and timelines. It is the southernmost part of the Great Plains, which ends in the south against the folded Sierra Madre Oriental of Mexico. It is considered to form part of the U.S. South and also part of the U.S. Southwest. The Rio Grande, Red River and Sabine River all provide natural state lines where Texas borders Oklahoma on the north, Louisiana and Arkansas on the east, and New Mexico and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the south.

The large size of the state of Texas and its location at the intersection of several climate zones gives the state highly variable weather. Tornadoes often occur in the months of March-July throughout the state. The Panhandle of the state is cooler in the winter than the north part or gulf coast of the state. Different regions of Texas experience vastly different precipitation patterns: El Paso averages as little as 7.8" of rain per year while the average annual precipitation is 59" in Orange, Texas. Moderate snowfall often falls in the winter months in the north. Maximum temperatures in the summer months average from the 80s F in the mountains of West Texas and on Galveston Island to around 100 F in the Rio Grande Valley. Nighttime summer temperatures range from the upper 50s F in the West Texas mountains to 80 F in Galveston.

State Species

Big Game Alligator
Mule Deer
Pronghorn Antelope
White-tailed Deer
 
Waterfowl Band-tailed Pigeons
Brant
Coots
Ducks
Geese
Gallinules
Mergansers
Mourning Doves
Plovers
Rails
Red-billed Pigeons
Sandhill Crane
White-tipped Doves
White-winged Doves
Wilson's Snipe or Jacksnipe
Woodcock
Furbearer Badger
Beaver
Fox
Mink
Muskrat
Nutria
Opossum
Otter
Raccoon
Ring-tailed Cat
Skunk
Small Game Bobwhite Quail
Chachalaca
Eastern Turkey
Gambel's Quail
Hares
Javelina
Lesser Prairie Chicken
Moorhens
Pheasant
Rio Grande Turkey
Squirrel
Predators Armadillos
Bobcats
Coyotes
Flying Squirrels
Frogs
Ground Squirrels
Porcupines
Prarie Dogs
Rabbits
Turtles
Exotic Animals Aoudad Sheep
Axis Deer
Blackbuck Antelope
Cassowary
Elk
Emu
Fallow Deer
Feral Hog
Nilgai Antelope
Ostrich
Rhea
Russian Boar
Sport Fish Alligator gar
American Aligator
American Eel
Atlantic Cutlassfish
Bigmouth buffalo
Black buffalo
Black bullhead
Black crappie
Black Drum
Blacktail shiner
Blue catfish
Blue Crab
Bluegill
Bowfin
Chain pickerel
Channel catfish
Cobia
Common carp
Eastern Brown Pelican
Eastern Oyster
Fathead minnow
Fiddler Crab
Flathead catfish
Freshwater drum
Gafftopsail Catfish
Gizzard shad
Golden shiner
Grass carp
Greater Amberjack
Green Sea Turtle
Green sunfish
Guadalupe bass
Hardhead Catfish
Hawskbill Sea Turtle
Hybrid striped bass
Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle
Largemouth bass
Leatherback Sea Turtle
Lightning Whelk
Loggerhead Sea Turtle
Longear sunfish
Longnose gar
Paddlefish
Pigfish
Pinfish Red Snapper
Rainbow trout
Red Drum
Redbreast sunfish
Redear sunfish
Sheepshead
Shortnose gar
Smallmouth bass
Smallmouth buffalo
Southern Flounder
Spotted bass
Spotted gar
Spotted Seatrout
Stone Crab
Striped bass
Striped Mullet
Tarpon
Texas shiner
Threadfin shad
Vermilion Snapper
Walleye
Warmouth
White bass
White crappie
Yellow bass
Yellow bullhead

Clubs & Organizations

Lone Star Bowhunters Association Texas Duck Hunters

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