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South Carolina

Population: 4,012,012 (2000)

State Background
Species
Clubs & Organizations
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
1000 Assembly Street
Columbia, SC 29201

803-734-3886
www.dnr.sc.gov

State Background

South Carolina is a state in the Southern region of the United States. It is bounded to the north by North Carolina; to the south and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River; and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. There are four geographic areas in South Carolina, whose boundaries roughly parallel the northeast/southwest Atlantic coastline. The lower part of the state is the Coastal Plain, also known as the Lowcountry, which is nearly flat and composed entirely of recent sediments such as sand, silt, and clay. The coastline contains many salt marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and Charleston.

Just west of the coastal plain is the Sand Hills region, which is thought to contain remnants of old coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans were higher. Highest in elevation is the Upstate, containing an escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which continue into North Carolina and Georgia, as part of the southern Appalachian chain.

South Carolina has a humid subtropical climate, although high elevation areas in the "Upstate" area have less subtropical characteristics than areas on the Atlantic coastline. In the summer, South Carolina is hot and humid. The winter temperatures are much less uniform. Coastal areas of the state have very mild winters. Further inland in the higher country, the average low can be below freezing. Precipitation is abundant the entire year in almost the entire state but the coast tends to have a slightly wetter summer. March tends to be the wettest month.

State Species

Big Game Black Bear Deer  
Waterfowl Blue & Snow Geese
Brant
Canada Geese
Common Moorhens
Common Snipe
Coots
Ducks
Early Teal
Marsh Hens
Mergansers
Purple Gallinules
Rails
Sea Ducks
White-fronted Geese
Woodcock
Furbearer Beaver
Bobcat
Coyote
Gray Fox
Mink
Muskrat
Opossum
Otter
Raccoon
Red Fox
Spotted Skunk
Striped Skunk
Weasel
Small Game Bobwhite Quail
Crow
Hog
Mourning Dove
Rabbit
Ruffed Grouse
Squirrel
Wild Turkey
Sport Fish: Freshwater American Shad
Black Crappie
Blue Catfish
Bluegill
Bowfin
Brook Trout
Brown Trout
Bullhead Catfish
Carp
Chain Pickerel
Flathead Catfish
Flier
Hybrid Bass
Largemouth Bass
Muskellunge
Pumpkinseed
Rainbow Trout
Redbreast
Redeye Bass
Redfin Pike
Sauger
Shellcracker
Smallmouth Bass
Spotted Bass
Striped Bass
Walleye
Warmouth
White Bass
White Catfish
White Crappie
White Perch
Yellow Perch
Sport Fish: Saltwater Albacore Tuna
Amberjack
Atlantic Bonita
Barracuda
Bigeye Thresher Shark
Black Sea Bass
Blackfin Tuna
Blacknose Shark
Blue Marlin
Bluefin Tuna
Bluefish
Bonnethead Shark
Bull Shark
Cobia
Crevalle Jack
Croaker
Dolphin
Drum
Flounder
Grouper
Grunt
Hammerhead Shark
Hogfish
King Mackerel
Kingfish
Ladyfish
Lemon Shark
Pompano
Porgy
Rainbow Runner
Sailfish
Sand Tiger Shark
Sandbar Shark
Sheepshead
Shortfin Mako Shark
Silky Shark
Skipjack Tuna
Snapper
Spadefish
Spanish Mackerel
Spinner Shark
Striped Bass
Swordfish
Tarpon
Tiger Shark
Triggerfish
Wahoo
White Marlin
Yellowfin Tuna

Clubs & Organizations


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